And how to avoid it
Heat stroke is a severe condition when the body overheats due to prolonged exposure to high temperatures and fails to regulate its temperature properly. It’s a medical emergency and can be life-threatening.
- Stay hydrated with water and avoid sugary or alcoholic drinks.
- Wear loose, light-colored, and breathable clothing.
- Limit outdoor activities during the hottest parts of the day.
- Seek shade or cool areas when outdoors.
- Use fans or air conditioning to keep indoor spaces cool.
- Take cool showers or baths to reduce body temperature.
- Never leave anyone in parked cars, especially children or pets.
- Monitor vulnerable individuals like older adults and infants for signs of heat-related distress.
- Learn the signs of heat stroke, such as high body temperature, confusion, and rapid breathing.
- Call emergency services immediately if you suspect heat stroke and move the person to a cooler place.
- Apply cool, wet cloths to help lower body temperature while waiting for medical help.
- Acclimatize to hot conditions gradually to build tolerance.
- Avoid strenuous activities in extreme heat.
- Drink water before feeling thirsty to stay adequately hydrated.
- Keep curtains and blinds closed during the hottest hours to reduce indoor heat.
- Use lightweight and breathable bedding for comfortable sleep in warm weather.
- Consider cooling vests or damp bandanas for outdoor activities.
- Avoid direct sun exposure, especially during peak heat hours.
- Use sunscreen to protect the skin from sunburn.
- Eat light and easily digestible meals to avoid increasing body heat.
- Keep pets in cool, shaded areas with access to water.
- Be aware of medications that may increase sensitivity to heat, and consult a doctor if needed.
- Stay informed about heat advisories and take necessary precautions.
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